The French competition watchdog has fined EDF €13.5 million (US$18.4 million) for anti-competitive behaviour in the solar energy market.
Autorité de la Concurrence found that EDF used the dominant position of its energy supply business in France, to sign up solar energy customers for its subsidiary EDF Energies Nouvelles (ENR).
In the official ruling, Autorité de la Concurrence said that ENR had benefitted from the “brand and reputation” of its parent.
The original complaint was made by the developer Solaire Direct in 2009.
EDF was also forced to print a predetermined apology and confession in newspapers Le Monde and Les Echos. This included admitting that it had “created confusion” for customers and “abused its dominant position”. The ruling stated that the text must appear in black on a white background and in letters not less than 3mm high.