Tariff Roof-Top Ground-Based BIPV Term
France
Residential facilities - 1 January - 31 March 2013 0-9kW =$0.4268
Educational or health facilities - 1 January - 31 March 2013 0-9kW =$0.4268
Other buildings - 1 January - 31 March 2013 0-9kW =$0.4268
0-12MW =$1.1051
1 January 2014 - 31 March 2014 0-12MW = 7.36 c €/kWh 0-12MW = 7.36 c €/kWh 0-9kW=$0.39
Simplified BIPV 0-36kW=$0.2
Simplified BIPV 36-100kW=$0.19
A draft order administering a 10% bonus when manufacturers use modules that are at least 60% of European origin will apply to facilities whose connection request is filed on or after January 1, 2013.

Updates

Update Feb 01, 2014

The French energy regulatory commission (CRE) has announced that 120MW of new solar capacity was connected in the country during the final quarter of 2013 and has confirmed the new tariffs for the first quarter of 2014.

Update Oct 01, 2013

France has announced it will review the subsidies received by solar and other renewable technologies in response to falling costs and growing grid concerns.

In a speech to the French electricity union, Philippe Martin, minister for ecology, sustainable development and energy said many of the support schemes had served their purpose in getting fledgling clean energy technologies off the ground. Martin also said the country needed to explore the benefits of self consumption and how both the state and the private sector could boost the domestic PV industry. The review's findings are expected to be announced in early 2014.

Update Mar 01, 2013

Emergency measures, which included 10% local content allowance, were released by the Ministry for Sustainable Development and Energy, in January.

Update Feb 01, 2013

The French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy has published the feed-in tariffs for PV installations for the last quarter of 2012, whereas the first quarter of 2013 the government has set all 0-9kW installations at €0.3159 (US$0.4257).

On 5 February 2013, the french government announced an additional 10% offer under its domestic content allowance bonus in order to further aid the ailing French solar industry.

After Batho's announcement for doubling the PV capacity up to 1GW,  the French government has set up two new task forces to improve grid-connection procedures.

Update Jan 01, 2013

The French government has released details of emergency measures to encourage US$2.6 billion worth of investment in the country’s ailing solar industry. The measures include doubling the previous target of 500MW of solar projects up to 1GW. Building-integrated PV systems will benefit from a 5% feed-in tariff increase, while the FiT for non-integrated PV systems will be cut by 20%.

The French Ministry for Sustainable Development and Energy has released on 10 January 2013 emergency measures to boost the country's solar industry,  including new rules for solar project bidding and a 10% local content allowance. The measures are intended to offset the French solar industry's trade deficit, which has grown to €1.35 billion (US$1 billion).

French renewables association, Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables (SER) announced its satisfaction at the government’s new measures to reduce 20% the feed-in tariff for large-scale PV plants, on 9 January 2013.

Update Nov 01, 2012

In November 2012,  French Minister of Environment and Energy Delphine Batho decided a cut feed-in tariffs by 20% reducing the FiT from €0.1024 (US$0.1311) per kWh to €0.0840 (US$0.1076) per kWh.

Update Oct 01, 2012

The French Energy Regulation Commission (CRE) has fixed its feed-in tariff (FiT) to €0.035 (US$0.045) and €0.075 (US$0.097) for the fourth quarter of 2012, having fallen from €0.045 (US$0.058) and €0.095 (US$0.123). However, SER claims that this decision will damage solar companies that have started investments in this market segment.

Update Jun 01, 2012

Despite the feed-in tariff cuts in April, the French energy regulation commission (CRE) has released figures showing that installation requests have not stagnated over the last three quarters.

Update Apr 01, 2012

The CRE has made further cuts to the feed-in tariff. Residential BIPV applications amounted to 37.4MW and non-residential applications were 102.4MW resulting in a decrease to the FiT of 4.5% and 9.5% respectively. Ground-mounted installations will fall to US$0.1458 and residential BIPV arrays have been set to a maximum of US$0.2613.

After much toing and froing, the French government has released a draft of the decree administering a 10% bonus when manufacturers use modules that are at least 60% of European origin. Following submission to the Supreme Council of Energy. The Union of Renewable Energy and the Liaison Committee for Renewable Energy, will then publish its response in the Official Journal before the first round of presidential elections this month. The draft order will apply to facilities whose connection request is filed on or after January 1, 2013.

Update Feb 01, 2012

Effective January 1, 2012, the government has changed the feed-in tariff. For residential PV systems, it is down by 4.5% and for all other types of facilities it is down by 9.5%.

Update Nov 01, 2011

The Commission for Energy Regulation (CRE) has published the tariff rates for the final trimester between October 1, 2011 and December 31, 2011. For residential installations, at the lower end of the scale (up to 9kW), the rate has been set at US$0.5489/kWh – a 4.5% decrease on the summer price of US$0.5748/kWh. At the higher end, 36kW – 100kW, the rate has been set at US$0.319/kWh – a 12.2% decrease on the summer rate of US$0.3525/kWh.

Following the suspension of solar production at the beginning of 2011, in order for the government to be able to consider possibilities for cost-effective utilization of solar power, the government launched a tender on PV solar installations. Candidates are required to submit their tenders by February 8, 2012. The CRE create a potential list of winners to be handed to the Minister of Energy four months later, who then publishes the winners.

The government is yet to make a formal decision on the state of FiTs in France. Perhaps after the presidential elections are out of the way next year, France will be ready to take a more confident step forward towards solar power.

Update Mar 01, 2011

Photovoltaic systems with a capacity of over 100kW in France will now receive a reduced feed-in tariff rate according to the country’s environment minister. Nathalie Kosciuso-Morizet has revealed the new rate of US$0.1621 per kWh, which will come into effect today and apply to all systems regardless of whether they are installed on a roof or open-space.

According to latest reports, open-space systems are faced with cutbacks as high as 57% compared to remuneration in September 2010, while roof-top systems will face reductions of up to 70%. Feed-in tariffs for small PV systems are, momentarily, to be reduced by 20%. Over the course of the year, quarterly declines of 10 percentage points will come into force.

“This step will see the comparably high PV tariffs in France adjusted in line with those of neighbouring countries,” said Markus Monssen-Wackerbeck, head of energy and utilities at EuPD Research. “Such adjustments are ambitious but nonetheless necessary for the long term remedy of PV price divergences in various national markets.”

As a result of these changes in French solar funding, market experts estimate that parts of solar projects currently in the planning phase may not now go ahead. According to sources, there were projects in the pipeline of 5.3GW at the start of the halt in construction ordered by the Government in December 2010. Some had already received building as well as net connection approval. Others believe that the figure for projects in the planning phase is over 3GW.

“The industry should use this pressure to bring high systems prices in the country down to a competitive, European level,” continued Hoehner. Figures from the current European PriceMonitor published by EuPD Research show that, on average, the costs for a French PV system under 10kW are about US$5,944and peak at US$8,105. Systems between 10 and 100kW cost approximately US$5,214.

However, market experts at EuPD Research see a downward trend in installed capacity as likely. “The market will consolidate in the next months, yet France still has considerable untapped potential in the private roof-top sector. Manufacturers that respond to this increased price pressure and, by highlighting their first rate quality and strong brand name, position themselves in the right segment will survive these tough changes,” concludes Monssen-Wackerbeck.

France revised its feed-in tariff rates down from the original proposals in September 2009 in order to fit in with the evolving market. The rates included an increase in some ground-mounted and BIPV tariffs, as well as some decreases. These changes were implemented on January 1, 2010.
As part of the revised tariff, a distinction was also made between BIPV systems that integrate solar technology in a highly aesthetic manner and buildings that integrate in a simplified manner. The traditional BIPV incentive was been reduced, while ground mounted subsidies offered a premium for systems installed in cloudier areas.

The changes to the BIPV tariff include a decrease in fully integrated roofing systems for residential/health/agricultural buildings. These installations now receive a FiT of US$0.78/kWh in 2010 and 2011, up from the 2009 FiT of US$0.74/kWh but down from the September proposal of US$0.81/kWh. Commercial/industrial buildings will now receive a FiT of US$0.67/kWh while simplified BIPV installations will receive a FiT of US$0.56/kWh, down from the 2009 FiT of US$0.74/kWh and below the September proposal of US$0.60/kWh.

The French Government has also announced that it will halt all plans for new solar projects, except residential systems less than 3kW, in a bid to end a "veritable speculative bubble" that has emerged in the industry. For bigger ventures, the Government plans to pass a decree "to temporarily suspend the registration of new projects." This move goes against recent speculation that the feed-in tariff rate would be reduced yet again.

"The flourishing of solar in France, which is faster than expected, comes at a cost to local Government and consumers," explained Prime Minister, Francois Fillon. "Development relies on a feed-in tariff for electricity that is very favourable to producers."

The Prime Minister announced that a new regulatory framework would be put in place by March 2011, a framework which will be aimed at keeping the ever-increasing installation figures at a reasonable level. Long-term targets for solar development have already been surpassed "justifying" the new rules.

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