|Germany||0-10kWp = $0.19 10-40kWp = $0.18 40kWp-1MWp = $0.16 1-10MWp = $0.13||0-10kWp = $0.19 10-40kWp = $0.18 40kWp-1MWp = $0.16 1-10MWp = $0.13||0-10kWp = $0.19 10-40kWp = $0.18 40kWp-1MWp = $0.16 1-10MWp = $0.13||20 years w/gradual degression rate based on capacity targets|
All PV systems due to begin operation in 2011 will face a 13% cut in subsidy compared with current tariffs. Installation operators will therefore receive between US$0.28.01 and US$0.37.83 cents for each kilowatt hour of solar electricity fed into the mains, depending on size and location of the installation.
Since the 2010 tariffs were yet again decreased by the legislative branch, when calculating the degression for the coming year only, the notifications of new systems in the period beginning in June to end of September 2010 needed to be taken into account and then extrapolated to the entire year in line with the EEG.
The German Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) came into effect in 2000 and was amended in 2004 and 2008. By the end of 2008 a total of 500,000 solar power systems had been installed on German roofs. Both private and institutional investors in photovoltaic systems now receive a guaranteed feed-in tariff for solar electricity fed into the grid. The EEG has since been revised again in 2010, outlining the cuts described above.
Update Jan 01, 2014
A new charge levied against consumers who utilize their own self-generated solar power, know as the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) Umlage, will be presented to the German cabinet in April and is expected to take effect in August if approved.
If the levy is accepted, those using their own solar-generated electricity will need to pay a €0.044kWh (US$0.060) fee. The charge will only pertain to new rooftop installations above 10kWp established from August this year. Meanwhile, some heavy industrial users of energy within Germany may be exempted from charges that they previously faced.
The self-consumption charge has received backlash those within the renewable-energy industry. Gunther Hackl, president of BSW-Solar, said: “It is an aberration and counterproductive to penalise climate-friendly solar power producers. … It is inconceivable that solar users should be punished for their environmental commitment.”
Update Nov 01, 2013
Germany has announced a monthly feed-in tariff degression rate of 1.4%
The Federal Network Agency monitors installations over a rolling 12-month period. If new capacity exceeds set targets, the FiT degression rate is increased above the standard 1% a month level.
The latest change was triggered after new solar capacity exceeded the 12-month quota by 559MW.
For November, installs over 1MW will receive €0.0974/kWh (US$0.1316) with systems under 10kW receiving €0.1407/kWh (US$0.1901).
In January those figures will be €0.0947/kWh (US$0.1280) and €0.1368/kWh (US$0.1849) respectively.
Update Feb 01, 2013
The German Federal Network Agency has also announced a 2.2% reduction in Germany’s monthly feed-in tariff (FiT). Under the new rate, operators of newly installed PV systems will receive between €0.115 (US$0.0859) and €0.165 (US$0.1232) per kWh from 1 February 2013 until 30 April 2013.
In the middle of February 2013, Germany’s federal and state governments have rejected the proposals to congeal country's feed-in tariff by placing a cap of 2.5% annually.
Update Jan 01, 2013
German in planning to indruce a cap of 2.5% to increase in renewable energy incentives levy. The country's Environment Minister, Peter Altmaier said the cap would ensure “predictability, reliability and affordability of Germany’s renewable energy act (EEG)”. The EEG levy will remain as it currently stands at €0.0528 (US$0.072) per kWh, and will increase by a maximum of 2.5% each year from 2015.
The German Federal Ministry of Environment (BMU) is expected to introduce incentives for PV energy storage systems in February 2013, while BSW-Solar researched that grid-connected storage systems could increase the network capacity by 66% and the production could be reduced by 40%.
From January until November 2012, solar installations rose by 62% to approximately 7GW, compared with about 4.5GW in 2011. However, due to the government’s installation cap of 3.5GW, the country’s feed-in tariff will now be further reduced by 2.5%.
Update Oct 01, 2012
German's renewable surcharge is expected to rise by 47% in 2013. Chancellor Angela Merkel announced a solar “growth corridor” of 2,500-3,000MW annually and the environment minister Peter Altmaier stated that installations would be capped at 52GW.
Update Aug 01, 2012
Germany’s new feed-in tariff (FiT) legislation introduces monthly tariff degressions on 3 Aug 2103, by replacing the annual FiT cut. The amount the FiT is cut will be variable with a maximum annual degression fixed at 29%.
Update Jun 01, 2012
Merkel’s government has announced that it wants to maintain a solar “growth” corridor” of 2,500 – 3,000MW per year, with installations capped at 52GW. A class system for medium-sized roof-top installations will also be introduced. All funding will be back-dated to the original date of April 1, 2012.
FiTs for PV roof systems of between 10 – 14kW will be lowered to US$0.2499 per kWh for 90% of the energy generated. This rate will be valid until January 2014. Funding for solar power plants of 10MW remains unchanged.
Update Apr 01, 2012
Starting April 1st, 2012 new feed-in tariff payments for rooftop PV plants smaller than 10kW will be US$0.2634/kWh, rates for rooftop PV up to 1MW will be US$0.2229/kWh and rates for ground-mounted and rooftop PV of 1-10MW in size will be US$0.1824/kWh.
Update Mar 01, 2012
Following the demonstration in Berlin on March 5, the German government has decided to delay the imposition of FiT cuts by one month.
Update Feb 01, 2012
EuPD Research belives the German government will introduce the FiT cuts from March 9, 2012, to eliminate a rush of installations to beat the tariff change.
Tariff changes include US$26.3 c per kWh for small-scale to US$22.2c per kWh for larger systems and only US$18.2c per kWh for 10MW or below utility plant-scale systems.
Cuts will also be made via a new mechanism each month starting in May 2012 of US$20 c per kWh, while utility-scale projects over 10MW will have all incentives withdrawn after July 1, 2012.
EuPD summary of key changes:
- Systems up to 10kW: 20.2% reduction to 19.5c per kWh.
- Systems from 10 to 1,000kW: between 25 and 29% reduction to 16.5c per kWh.
- Systems larger than 1,000kW: circa 26% reduction to 13.5c per kWh.
- Systems over 10,000kW: Future subsidies will be dropped entirely.
- New small systems will only be remunerated for 85% of the electricity produced; middle-sized and large systems will receive remuneration for 90%.
- The bonus for own consumption will be dropped.
- From May onwards, there will be a monthly cut (degression) of 0.15c per kWh for all new systems.
- From 2014 a continual decrease of the yearly installation corridor by 400 MW, and from 2017 the installation corridor will lie between 900 and 1,900MW.
Update Dec 01, 2011
Even with record installation levels, the feed-in tariff for PV installations for 2012 the government is proposing to reduce it by 15%. Depending on the type of installations, the 2012 feed-in tariffs for newly installed systems will therefore range from 17.94 ct/kWh to 24.43 ct/kWh.