Requires Subscription: Photovoltaics International Archive

Using novel spectroscopy and spectrometry techniques for the quantitative analysis of photovoltaic thin films and materials

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email

By Fuhe Li, Director of Advanced Materials and Thin Films, Air Liquide–Balazs NanoAnalysis; Scott Anderson, Director of Laboratory Operations, Air Liquide–Balazs NanoAnalysis

Chemical stoichiometry along with depth profiling and metallic contamination is of considerable interest for photovoltaic thin films. Conversion efficiency can be affected for example if primary components, e.g. Cd and Te, are not present at proper ratios. Moreover, amorphous silicon can vary substantially between sources and deposition technique, and qualitative comparison of trace metallic contaminants may not be sufficient to ensure final thin-film quality. This discussion presents data from atomic emission and mass spectrometry techniques that quantitatively and accurately describe both bulk and trace elemental compositions in photovoltaic materials, various thin-film matrices, and the final thin-film cell and module.

L3dwLWNvbnRlbnQvdXBsb2Fkcy9sZWdhY3ktcHVibGljYXRpb24tcGRmcy82YTI1ZjRiMjVlLXVzaW5nLW5vdmVsLXNwZWN0cm9zY29weS1hbmQtc3BlY3Ryb21ldHJ5LXRlY2huaXF1ZXMtZm9yLXRoZS1xdWFudGl0YXRpdmUtYW5hbHlzaXMtb2YtcGhvdG92b2x0YWljLXRoaW4tZmlsbXMtYW5kLW1hdGVyaWFscy5wZGY=

Published In

Photovoltaics International Archive
The seventh edition of Photovoltaics International was published in February 2010. This edition features a wafering focus from REC Wafer and SINTEF on how to improve cell efficiencies. In addition, EPIA provides in-depth analysis of feed-in-tariff schemes in our Market Watch; and in Cell Processing Fraunhofer ISE overcomes challenges in back-side metallization.

Read Next

Photovoltaics International Archive
Photovoltaics International Papers, PV Modules
With mature product offerings now available from several of the leading industrial PV equipment and tool manufacturers, and latest-generation ECAs available from suppliers, this article aims to provide important background information on ECAs, as well as give a brief overview of some of the challenges and cutting-edge developments in ECA-related PV applications.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper reviews those associated fabrication technologies for the mass production of Ni/Cu-plated contacts. The technologies currently in use in the PV industry for plated contacts, as well as the developing technologies having high scaling-up potential, will be reviewed. In addition, the future requirements for plating metallization will be discussed.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper discusses what is actually behind these announcements and how an evolutionary industry sector such as PVis becoming, it seems, decidedly revolutionary with large jumps in efficiency.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper presents an analysis and the results of extensive simulations of the efficiency limits and roadmap to 25.5% of a tunnel oxide passivated contact (TOPCon) solar cell, on the basis of an efficiency level of 25.21% (designed area, identified by ISFH) achieved through three years of continuous technical optimization on a pilot line at Longi.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The development of new ways of increasing the production throughput for passivated emitter and rear cells (PERCs), as the major solar cell technology in the global market, is an area of great interest to the PV community. This paper presents approaches for significantly increasing the throughput of PERC production processes. The main focus is on the tube furnace processes for the emitter formation and oxidation, with the introduction of the High Temperature Stack Oxidation (HiTSOx) approach. Additional approaches that are currently under investigation at Fraunhofer ISE for increasing the throughput for wet-chemical, printing and laser processes will also be briefly outlined.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The holy grail of every solar cell producer is the creation of a lowcost interdigitated back-contact (IBC) solar cell with an efficiency greater than 25%, a goal that can be found in almost every roadmap presentation. In this paper it will be shown that we are not far away from achieving this target, since IBC devices, with different process complexities, are already in production at several companies.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
June 7, 2022
Leonardo Royal London City, London, UK
Solar Media Events
June 14, 2022
Napa, USA
Solar Media Events
June 22, 2022
Sheraton Austin Hotel at the Capitol, Austin, Texas