Investors ready to pounce on subsidy-free solar momentum

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
End of subsidies is not the end of state intervention, said state secretary Galamba in his opening remarks (Credit: Solar Media)

Investment A-listers gathered at the Large Scale Solar Europe summit have signalled their appetite for zero-subsidy plays, with some worrying however that government actions could put brakes on progress.

The two-day event in Lisbon, attended by top Portuguese and EU officials, saw representatives from Blackrock, Aquila Capital, Foresight and others map out their future moves in a continent now delivering large-scale projects on a market basis.

Panellists and live event polling both pointed at Spain, followed by Portugal, as the two most promising markets. “Both are perfect for zero-subsidy assets,” said Andrew Wojtek, director at Aquila Capital, speaking one week after his firm scooped up a 300MW PV pipeline in Spain. “Italy, and potentially also Greece, are on the horizon,” he added.

The focus on Spain and Portugal for now – eventually followed by Italy – was mirrored by Lorena Ciciriello, head of debt financing at NextEnergy Capital, and Blackrock director Giovanni d’Andria. “Sooner or later all markets will get there. We’re all here in the long-term so we’ll see unsubsidised projects coming through in the UK and the Nordics too,” d'Andria remarked.

Panellists acknowledged that fully reaping the fruits of subsidy-free solar will require a new mindset. “We’re becoming energy investors and that means taking a strategic view on what we’re buying into,” said Wojtek. The consensus was that to outcompete savvy utilities, investors must test what they know of grid constraints and pricing trends. “It’s become a power play,” is how speaker one put it.

Portugal’s charm offensive

Pitching Portugal’s solar credentials at the event was energy state secretary João Galamba. The country’s plans to install by 2030 some 7GW of new PV capacity – from less than 1GW today – will pose “obvious” technical, regulatory and political challenges but is above all an opportunity Portugal “welcomes and embraces”, Galamba said during his keynote speech.

“The end of government subsidies is not the end of government intervention,” Galamba continued as he addressed a crowd of developers and investors. His administration, he explained, will hold bi-annual PV auctions – 1.35GW will be tendered in 2019 – but also separate auctions for storage; legislation will help remove barriers to self-consumption and deploy smart-grids, he noted.

The enthusiasm of attending investors for Portugal’s zero-subsidy potential does not mean all were equally convinced by the government plans, however. Describing her firm’s “wait and see” stance, NextEnergy’s Ciciriello commented: “For Portugal, we’re evaluating more the private PPA route and won’t participate in auctions at this stage. It will depend on the fixed prices we see.”

Dr Benedikt Ortmann, managing director and head of solar projects at BayWa r.e, appeared even more skeptical as he explained why his firm opted for Spain and not Portugal as home to its unsubsidised 175MW Don Rodrigo project.

“Grid and a time-consuming process for permissions remain the top obstacles here, not so much PPAs as there is a lot of offtake,” he said. “It doesn’t as come as fantastic news to me to hear the government say they’re going to tender anyway. It’s not an ideal sign.”

The lender’s take on subsidy-free solar

The Lisbon event also opened the floor to lenders, a community that PPA experts have said can be tougher to approach for subsidy-free developers in Iberia.

The advice of Stirling Habbitts, project finance lead at Triodos Bank, was to engage as early as possible. “Some developers come to us with already signed PPAs and EPC deals. If there’s something we don’t like in the contract then negotiations have to be reopened. Much better to start the conversation on how you’ll sell the energy as soon as possible,” he said.

Lisa McDermott, executive director at ABN AMRO Bank, expressed herself in similar terms. “There is somewhat of a divide between banks, with some much more attached to subsidies and others willing to tolerate more merchant risk – it’s important to properly test banking appetite on each individual deal,” she remarked. 

The panel showed debt players too are looking anew at Iberian solar, albeit with one eye firmly kept on risks. McDermott pointed at the 7% energy sales tax in Spain and the cannibalisation issues that could arise as renewables build up. “The lack of commercially viable co-location with storage is worrying given the penetration targets we’re seeing,” she said.

“We can’t see the future, only the past,” added Triodos’ Habbitts. “All banks know what happened in Spain, with the retrospective changes. My personal feeling is that it probably won’t happen again to the solar sector to such an extent.”

See here for more information on the Large Scale Solar Europe conference, held in Lisbon on 26-27 March 2019

Read Next

May 6, 2021
Independent power producer has Opdenergy has postponed an initial public offering (IPO) just days before its shares were due to start trading on the Spanish stock exchanges.
May 5, 2021
Europe’s solar industry has lauded the inclusion of a commitment to "re-ignite" Europe's solar manufacturing sector within the European Commission’s refreshed industrial strategy.
PV Tech Premium
May 3, 2021
Companies are purchasing solar, wind, and other forms of renewable energy more than ever before. The power purchase agreement (PPA) market in Europe has grown to a cumulative capacity of over 12GW, with a record 4GW signed in 2020. Corporate climate commitments are opening doors for investment in renewable energy, and continued price declines are convincing companies to sign new contracts. Is the European market ready to fulfil its potential? By Dr. Mercè Labordena, senior policy advisor at SolarPower Europe, and Milena Koot, communications advisor at SolarPower Europe
April 28, 2021
Renewable energy group BayWa r.e. has opened what it claims is its largest PV warehouse in Europe yet in a bid to expand its distribution network in the continent.
April 28, 2021
Spanish energy giant Iberdrola has partnered with oil and gas majors bp and Enagas on a feasibility study to develop a large-scale green hydrogen project in Valencia.
April 26, 2021
Solar developer ACWA Power has secured a total US$114 million from financial institutions to fund the construction of what it claims will be Egypt’s largest private solar plant.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Upcoming Webinars
May 26, 2021
Session 1 - 7:00 AM (BST) | Session 2 - 5:00 PM (BST)
Solar Media Events
June 15, 2021
Solar Media Events
July 6, 2021
Solar Media Events
August 24, 2021