Requires Subscription: Photovoltaics International Archive

Lamination process and encapsulation materials for glass-glass PV module design

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email

By Gianluca Cattaneo, Modules and Systems Sector, CSEM PV-Center; Antonin Faes, CSEM PV-Center; Heng-Yu Li, CSEM PV-Center, PV-Lab, Institute of Microengineering (IMT), EPFL; Federico Galliano, Modules and Systems Sector, CSEM PV-Center, PV-Lab, Institute of Microengineering (IMT), EPFL; Maria Gragert, R&D Department, Meyer Burger AG; Yu Yao, R&D Project Manager, Meyer Burger AG; Rainer Grischke, R&D Department, Meyer Burger AG; Thomas Söderström, Head of Department, Transfer process and innovation module, Meyer Burger AG; Matthieu Despeisse, CSEM PV-Center; Christophe Ballif, CSEM PV-Center, PV-Lab, Institute of Microengineering (IMT), EPFL; Laure-Emmanuelle Perret-Aebi, CSEM PV-Center

In the last few years PV technology has seen continuous improvements, with significant enhancements at the cell and module levels. In addition to the requirement of high efficiency, the long-term reliability of PV modules leads to proposals for innovative module concepts and designs. Meyer Burger has developed a low-temperature wire-bonding technology, known as SmartWire Connection Technology (SWCT), with the aim of offering a cost-effective solution for high-efficiency solar cells while minimizing cell-to-module losses. The introduction of this interconnection design immediately brings new challenges, especially in the selection of an appropriate encapsulant, which must ensure a good processability as well as the required long-term module reliability. The compatibility of the most cost-effective types of encapsulant currently available on the market was analysed in the study reported in this paper. Thermoplastic polyolefin encapsulants with water absorption less than 0.1% and no (or few) cross-linking additives have proved to be the best option for long-lasting PV modules in a glass-glass (GG) configuration. The development of a laminator having a symmetrical structure (two heating plates without any vacuum membrane) has also opened the door to fast lamination processes with cycle times under eight minutes.

L3dwLWNvbnRlbnQvdXBsb2Fkcy9sZWdhY3ktcHVibGljYXRpb24tcGRmcy8wNDg1NTdjOGQ5LWxhbWluYXRpb24tcHJvY2Vzcy1hbmQtZW5jYXBzdWxhdGlvbi1tYXRlcmlhbHMtZm9yLWdsYXNzZ2xhc3MtcHYtbW9kdWxlLWRlc2lnbi5wZGY=

Published In

Photovoltaics International Archive
Now that the PV industry has unquestionably entered a new growth phase, all eyes are on which technologies will win through into the mainstream of PV manufacturing. PERC, n-type, p-type bifacial, heterojunction – all have become familiar terms in the ever-growing constellation of solar cell technologies. The question is which will offer manufacturers what they are looking for in improving efficiencies and cutting costs.

Read Next

Photovoltaics International Archive
Photovoltaics International Papers, PV Modules
With mature product offerings now available from several of the leading industrial PV equipment and tool manufacturers, and latest-generation ECAs available from suppliers, this article aims to provide important background information on ECAs, as well as give a brief overview of some of the challenges and cutting-edge developments in ECA-related PV applications.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper reviews those associated fabrication technologies for the mass production of Ni/Cu-plated contacts. The technologies currently in use in the PV industry for plated contacts, as well as the developing technologies having high scaling-up potential, will be reviewed. In addition, the future requirements for plating metallization will be discussed.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper discusses what is actually behind these announcements and how an evolutionary industry sector such as PVis becoming, it seems, decidedly revolutionary with large jumps in efficiency.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper presents an analysis and the results of extensive simulations of the efficiency limits and roadmap to 25.5% of a tunnel oxide passivated contact (TOPCon) solar cell, on the basis of an efficiency level of 25.21% (designed area, identified by ISFH) achieved through three years of continuous technical optimization on a pilot line at Longi.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The development of new ways of increasing the production throughput for passivated emitter and rear cells (PERCs), as the major solar cell technology in the global market, is an area of great interest to the PV community. This paper presents approaches for significantly increasing the throughput of PERC production processes. The main focus is on the tube furnace processes for the emitter formation and oxidation, with the introduction of the High Temperature Stack Oxidation (HiTSOx) approach. Additional approaches that are currently under investigation at Fraunhofer ISE for increasing the throughput for wet-chemical, printing and laser processes will also be briefly outlined.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The holy grail of every solar cell producer is the creation of a lowcost interdigitated back-contact (IBC) solar cell with an efficiency greater than 25%, a goal that can be found in almost every roadmap presentation. In this paper it will be shown that we are not far away from achieving this target, since IBC devices, with different process complexities, are already in production at several companies.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
June 7, 2022
Leonardo Royal London City, London, UK
Solar Media Events
June 14, 2022
Napa, USA
Solar Media Events
June 22, 2022
Sheraton Austin Hotel at the Capitol, Austin, Texas