Requires Subscription: Photovoltaics International Archive

Predicted thermal stresses in a photovoltaic module (PVM)

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email

By E. Suhir, University of California; Dongkai Shangguan, Senior Director, Flextronics Corporation; Laurent Bechou, IMS Laboratory, University of Bordeaux

Low-temperature thermal stresses in a manufactured photovoltaic module (PVM) based on crystalline silicon (Si), before the PVM is fastened into a metal frame, are assessed on the basis of a simple, analytical (mathematical), easy-to-use and physically meaningful predictive stress model. The PVM considered comprises the front glass, ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) encapsulant (with silicon cells embedded into it) and a laminate backsheet. The stresses addressed include normal stresses that act in the cross sections of the constituent materials and determine their short- and long-term reliability, as well as the interfacial (shearing and peeling) stresses that affect the assembly’s ability to withstand delaminations. The interfacial stresses also determine the cohesive strength of the encapsulant material. The calculated data, based on the developed model, indicate that the induced stresses can be rather high, especially the peeling stress at the encapsulant-glass interface, so that the structural integrity of the module might be compromised, unless the appropriate design-for-reliability (DfR) measures, including stress prediction and accelerated stress testing, are taken. The authors are convinced that reliability assurance of a photovoltaic (PV) product cannot be delayed until it is manufactured – such an assurance should be considered and secured, first of all, at the design stage.

L3dwLWNvbnRlbnQvdXBsb2Fkcy9sZWdhY3ktcHVibGljYXRpb24tcGRmcy8yNTEzZDkxYzU1LXByZWRpY3RlZC10aGVybWFsLXN0cmVzc2VzLWluLWEtcGhvdG92b2x0YWljLW1vZHVsZS1wdm0ucGRm

Published In

Photovoltaics International Archive
This sixteenth edition of Photovoltaics International marks four years of production of the quarterly journal. As always, our focus is on efficiency and quality improvement and cost reduction in manufacturing.

Read Next

Photovoltaics International Archive
Photovoltaics International Papers, PV Modules
With mature product offerings now available from several of the leading industrial PV equipment and tool manufacturers, and latest-generation ECAs available from suppliers, this article aims to provide important background information on ECAs, as well as give a brief overview of some of the challenges and cutting-edge developments in ECA-related PV applications.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper reviews those associated fabrication technologies for the mass production of Ni/Cu-plated contacts. The technologies currently in use in the PV industry for plated contacts, as well as the developing technologies having high scaling-up potential, will be reviewed. In addition, the future requirements for plating metallization will be discussed.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper discusses what is actually behind these announcements and how an evolutionary industry sector such as PVis becoming, it seems, decidedly revolutionary with large jumps in efficiency.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper presents an analysis and the results of extensive simulations of the efficiency limits and roadmap to 25.5% of a tunnel oxide passivated contact (TOPCon) solar cell, on the basis of an efficiency level of 25.21% (designed area, identified by ISFH) achieved through three years of continuous technical optimization on a pilot line at Longi.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The development of new ways of increasing the production throughput for passivated emitter and rear cells (PERCs), as the major solar cell technology in the global market, is an area of great interest to the PV community. This paper presents approaches for significantly increasing the throughput of PERC production processes. The main focus is on the tube furnace processes for the emitter formation and oxidation, with the introduction of the High Temperature Stack Oxidation (HiTSOx) approach. Additional approaches that are currently under investigation at Fraunhofer ISE for increasing the throughput for wet-chemical, printing and laser processes will also be briefly outlined.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The holy grail of every solar cell producer is the creation of a lowcost interdigitated back-contact (IBC) solar cell with an efficiency greater than 25%, a goal that can be found in almost every roadmap presentation. In this paper it will be shown that we are not far away from achieving this target, since IBC devices, with different process complexities, are already in production at several companies.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
June 14, 2022
Napa, USA
Solar Media Events
October 4, 2022
New York, USA