A ‘big step backwards’ for solar in Florida?

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Amendment 1, which prohibits third party ownership of solar, is funded by Florida’s big utilities to protect their monopoly markets and limit customer-owned solar. Source: Floridians for Solar Choice

Floridians may have voted in Amendment 4, a tax benefit that exempts renewable energy equipment on commercial buildings, but solar in Florida has much bigger problems to worry about.

The real fight in Florida is really about third party ownership as the Sunshine State is one of very few that prohibits such for residential and commercial solar, as well as most government applications. Despite Floridians potentially benefitting from plummeting solar costs and a significant tax credit, these benefits cannot be used effectively as ownership has been a catalyst for solar growth in residential across the nation.

Amendment 4 is not that big a deal – well it is – but it’s not the big deal,” Morten Lund, attorney and chair of the solar energy initiative at law firm Stoel Rives, told PV Tech. “Given the things that haven’t been changed in Florida, it provides a marginal benefit.”

The ‘big deal’ takes shape in the form of upcoming Amendment 1 in November; a further ballot measure that is characterised by pro-solar opposition as an effort by monopoly utilities to stifle self-generation. The measure is formally known as ‘Rights of Electricity Consumers Regarding Solar Energy Choice’ and is championed by advocacy group Consumers for Smart Solar

A step backwards

“It has a horrifically deceptive name,” said Lund. “It would basically put the complete kibosh on third party ownership in Florida for a very long time. It would drastically slow down solar and actually make it worse. It would allow utilities to basically invent new fees for anyone who has solar – not just third party ownership but home owners as well would be subject to significant up-charges on the bill. That would actually be a step backwards.”

The deceptive nature of the bill has seen agreement across the industry, with Supreme Court Justice Barbara Pariente saying the amendment was “masquerading” as a pro-solar energy initiative, labelling it a “wolf in sheep’s clothing”.

Local solar installer Super Solar expressed a similar sentiment to PV Tech:  “Amendment 1, which has been described as a ‘wolf in sheep’s clothing,’ is an effort to prevent Floridians from generating their own solar power. It is posing as a pro-solar energy initiative but is actually quite the opposite.”

It would provide no new right to have solar and it would place permanent, critical restrictions on existing solar rights, by allowing power companies to punish solar consumers with charges if they install or already have a solar system, under the deceptive guise of ‘protecting consumer rights.”

Ironically, Amendment 1 was proposed in opposition to a ballot measure known as the Florida Solar Energy Subsidiaries and Personal Solar Use Initiative, which would have specifically permitted third party ownership for systems up to 2MW, without opening the floodgates for fees. “That would have brought Florida online with basically the rest of the country, as that is functionally equivalent to the law in 45 states. But it was not even up for a vote, which was a travesty,” added Lund.

Amendment 1 however does allow homeowners to own or lease their own solar systems, on the condition that this is relocating the cost of solar back to the owners; which is a very similar rhetoric employed by regulators in Nevada when undoing its net metering structure last year.

“If they had stopped at the first sentence, it might be ok,” said Lund. “It still wouldn't get there because the grand irony of course is that it is not illegal to be the lessee [of] solar equipment in Florida, you just cannot be the lessor. So technically you can lease something from somebody but nobody can lease to you – so it wouldn't actually change anything. That could be fixed with some better drafting if you wanted it to but it would be a massive step backwards. It would increase no rights.”

Technicalities

Lund explained that third party ownership of solar is not illegal in Florida, but it is not granted exemption from the utility code. This means, if a third party puts a solar system on a roof for a customer and sells the power or leases the system; they are deemed an electric utility under state law and are subject to full burdens of electric utility regulation. “That is what is prohibitive; you just can’t make it work. It is technically not illegal, it is just functionally impossible.”

The law most other states would grant such a situation as an exception from the utility code. Even in slightly less open states such as Indiana and South Carolina where third party ownership is prohibited, third party leasing is at least permitted. “In Florida the absence of PPAs for tax reasons cuts out the entire non-profit and municipal market, which is one of the biggest solar markets – so they are crippled. In North Carolina, third party ownership is also prohibited but they have a good incentive in place for the creation of an alternate market. So even though they have the same law as Florida, they have another really good law that kind of offsets it.”

The problem here is that Florida is one of the sunniest states, with the third-highest potential in the nation, according to Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) data and a recent study by NREL (see chart below). Not only is Florida the sunniest out of other markets subject to oppressive regulatory regimes, but it is also the most populous. “Indiana is a small solar market, so it’s ok – we can live without Indiana. Florida is a big deal.”

Pro-solar campaign

In response to the upcoming punitive ballot measure, a broad coalition of solar industry advocates took a stand to oppose the utility-backed proposal. Republicans, Democrats, free market advocates, solar industry reps and non-partisan advocacy groups alike joined together to launch a citizen-led “Vote No On 1” campaign, adopting the popular slogan, ‘Amendment 1 Blocks the Sun.’

“Amendment 1 is a cleverly-designed attempt to maintain monopoly control over Florida's energy industry. This amendment is an attempt to manipulate people into falsely believing it is currently illegal to buy or lease solar. It is deplorable that Amendment 1 proponents seek to enshrine Florida’s current, non-competitive, anti-free market solar policy into the state’s constitution. It is my hope that Floridians will see through this charade and vote no on Amendment 1 in November,” said Tory Perfetti, chairman of Floridians for Solar Choice, in a statement.

Patrick Altier, incoming President of the Florida SEIA also commented: “We believe Amendment 1, initiated by Florida's for-profit monopoly utility companies, is intentionally deceptive and intended to trick and confuse Florida voters to make them believe they are supporting solar when, in fact, passing Amendment 1 will irreparably   harm rooftop solar and limit their energy choices.”

As for actual leverage, if Amendment 1 is approved, it is clear that it would be a significant slowdown for solar in Florida. If it is rejected, it might not be seen as a step forward, but Florida entering the status quo. “If Amendment 1 passes, then the legislature can't even fix it. It would actually open the floodgates for every governmental group in Florida to start slapping fees. It'll be a big step backwards,” said Lund. 

Read Next

January 26, 2022
Proposed changes to California’s net metering (NEM) incentive programme will severely reduce residential PV’s value proposition in the state, cutting its solar market in half by 2024, Wood Mackenzie has warned.
January 26, 2022
Home security giant ADT is evolving from a security company to a smart home company, with around 80% of its revenue coming from its smart home business, said its president and CEO Jim DeVries
January 24, 2022
Italy’s government will limit the windfall profits of some feed-in tariff-backed solar PV projects that have been able to benefit from rising energy prices.
January 24, 2022
More than 260 companies in the US clean energy sector are demanding urgent action on the US$1.75 trillion Build Back Better (BBB) Act, claiming that US$2 billion is being lost in economic activity every month the long-awaited bill is delayed.
January 24, 2022
The average cost of forecasting errors in the US is lower than previously thought at less than US$1/MWh, according to a study by Berkeley Lab that employed a new, publicly available method to examine the practice.
January 21, 2022
Toronto-based renewables developer Amp Energy has closed on a US$350 million credit facility to advance on a global portfolio of renewables and battery energy storage assets.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
February 23, 2022
London, UK
Solar Media Events
March 8, 2022
London, UK
Solar Media Events
March 23, 2022
Austin, Texas, USA
Solar Media Events
March 29, 2022
Lisbon, Portugal
Solar Media Events
April 25, 2022
Berlin, Germany