Bischof + Klein has introduced a new generation of PV module backsheets, designed to provide greater stability when exposed to UV radiation and increased protection against moisture ingress. The new B+K ‘BackFlex’ PP backsheet is based on polypropylene and is therefore naturally resistant to hydrolysis. It can withstand more than 5,000 hours of damp heat testing (85°C / 85% r.h.).

Problem

PV modules are installed all over the world, and are therefore exposed to diverse, constantly changing environmental conditions for many years. The backsheet plays an important role in the lifespan of PV modules. It has to protect the inner parts against corrosion and hydrolysis by preventing the ingress of, for instance, water vapour over a period of 20 years and more. It additionally has to withstand the harsh climates to which PV modules are exposed. Electrical safety in terms of insulation also plays an important role. Finally, special requirements such as low shrinkage during vacuum lamination have to be met by the manufacturer.

Solution

The new B+K BackFlex PP backsheet developed by packaging and film specialist Bischof + Klein can withstand more than 5,000 hours of damp heat testing (85°C / 85% r.h.). Polyester (PET), in particular, is prone to hydrolysis due to its polymeric structure. The ingress of water vapour into PV modules can cause corrosion of the metallic components but also hydrolysis of the encapsulant EVA, leading to the formation of acetic acid. B+K BackFlex PP is said to reduce water ingress by more than 50% compared to market standards. System voltages can be high in PV installations so particular attention has to be paid to electrical safety in terms of insulation. B+K BackFlex PP is certified for a system voltage of 1.5 kV DC. The 360 µm B+K DuroFlex PP offers a dielectric strength of 60 kV. During PV module production, the module stack is vacuum laminated. In this process, backsheet shrinkage is minimised to reduce mechanical stress inside the module stack. The B+K BackFlex PP meets these requirements with unique shrinkage behaviour of no more than 0.3% in both dimensions, according to the company. 

Applications

PV module backsheet. 

Platform

The new B+K BackFlex PP backsheet can withstand more than 5,000 hours of damp heat testing (85°C / 85% r.h.) and is certified for a system voltage of 1.5 kV DC. The 360 µm B+K DuroFlex PP offers a dielectric strength of 60 kV. The optical reflectance of the backsheet significantly influences PV module efficiency. B+K BackFlex PP offers high optical reflectance within the solar spectrum that is comparable to market standards such as TPT or PPE. The backsheet is manufactured in a one-step co-extrusion process that leads to outstanding internal adhesion. No glue or solvents are therefore required to produce the product. 

Availability

May, 2018 onwards.

Tags: bischof + klein, module backsheet, pv modules, pv power plants

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