Requires Subscription: Photovoltaics International Archive

CdTe thin-film modules: basic developments, optimizing performance and considerations in design

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email

By Frank Becker, Ddepartment Head of the Metallization Group, Calyxo GmbH; Hubert -Joachim Frenck, Head of Production, Calyxo GmbH

A growing number of thin-film photovoltaic module producers are either trying to keep up with the current cost leader or aiming to differentiate on product design. Calyxo is dedicated to both keeping the pace in the US$0.50/Wp race and introducing new product generations, therefore delivering more value to the customer. We have tried to improve the methodology and approaches for knowledge building in the individual process steps, by learning the relevant interactions between them, as well as ramping volume and lowering manufacturing cost in the first production line. Developing and building the deposition equipment suited to the high process temperatures of approximately 1000°C at atmospheric pressure took some time, but the technology itself now enables Calyxo to benefit from significant cost savings both on capital investment and operational cost – compared to some well-known vacuum deposition methods. Besides the continuous decrease in manufacturing costs, even early on in building the manufacturing capacity, the ability to design the product itself according to the needs of the customers proved itself to be a decisive factor in ensuring competitiveness. This paper aims to give an insight into some of the basic design features of a new product generation and how the so-called new CX3 product will generate more watts by improved performance: delivering better customer value by decreased voltage to save on BOS costs and ensuring further increased field durability through an optimized package design.

L3dwLWNvbnRlbnQvdXBsb2Fkcy9sZWdhY3ktcHVibGljYXRpb24tcGRmcy81MmE5YjFlMjYxLWNkdGUtdGhpbmZpbG0tbW9kdWxlcy1iYXNpYy1kZXZlbG9wbWVudHMtb3B0aW1pemluZy1wZXJmb3JtYW5jZS1hbmQtY29uc2lkZXJhdGlvbnMtaW4tZGVzaWduLnBkZg==

Published In

Photovoltaics International Archive
The 12th Edition was published in May 2011. Highlights from this edition include Conergy’s in-depth study of MES in PV facilities; University of Konstanz heralds the return of UMG-Si; RWTH Aachen University details the gettering options available for selective emitters; TU Delft presents an overview of breakage issues for silicon wafers and cells; and the University of Toledo outlines the benefits of RTSE in polarized light metroscopy.

Read Next

Photovoltaics International Archive
Photovoltaics International Papers, PV Modules
With mature product offerings now available from several of the leading industrial PV equipment and tool manufacturers, and latest-generation ECAs available from suppliers, this article aims to provide important background information on ECAs, as well as give a brief overview of some of the challenges and cutting-edge developments in ECA-related PV applications.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper reviews those associated fabrication technologies for the mass production of Ni/Cu-plated contacts. The technologies currently in use in the PV industry for plated contacts, as well as the developing technologies having high scaling-up potential, will be reviewed. In addition, the future requirements for plating metallization will be discussed.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper discusses what is actually behind these announcements and how an evolutionary industry sector such as PVis becoming, it seems, decidedly revolutionary with large jumps in efficiency.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
This paper presents an analysis and the results of extensive simulations of the efficiency limits and roadmap to 25.5% of a tunnel oxide passivated contact (TOPCon) solar cell, on the basis of an efficiency level of 25.21% (designed area, identified by ISFH) achieved through three years of continuous technical optimization on a pilot line at Longi.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The development of new ways of increasing the production throughput for passivated emitter and rear cells (PERCs), as the major solar cell technology in the global market, is an area of great interest to the PV community. This paper presents approaches for significantly increasing the throughput of PERC production processes. The main focus is on the tube furnace processes for the emitter formation and oxidation, with the introduction of the High Temperature Stack Oxidation (HiTSOx) approach. Additional approaches that are currently under investigation at Fraunhofer ISE for increasing the throughput for wet-chemical, printing and laser processes will also be briefly outlined.
Photovoltaics International Archive
Cell Processing, Photovoltaics International Papers
The holy grail of every solar cell producer is the creation of a lowcost interdigitated back-contact (IBC) solar cell with an efficiency greater than 25%, a goal that can be found in almost every roadmap presentation. In this paper it will be shown that we are not far away from achieving this target, since IBC devices, with different process complexities, are already in production at several companies.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
June 7, 2022
Leonardo Royal London City, London, UK
Solar Media Events
June 14, 2022
Napa, USA
Solar Media Events
June 22, 2022
Sheraton Austin Hotel at the Capitol, Austin, Texas