Balance of system costs key to further solar system cost reductions says IRENA study

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on reddit
Share on email
With a focus on BOS cost reductions IRENA said that the global weighted-average installed costs of utility-scale PV systems could fall by 57% between 2015 and 2025. Image: IRENA

A new study by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) highlights the continued need to focus on balance of system (BOS) cost reductions for solar PV power plants to continue to expand as a key global renewable energy source. 

The report, “The Power to Change: Solar and Wind Cost Reduction Potential to 2025,” believes that average PV electricity costs could decrease 59% by 2025, compared to cost reductions with offshore wind of 35% and onshore wind reductions of 26%. 

As a result, IRENA estimates that the global average cost of electricity from PV and onshore wind would be roughly US$0.05/kWh to US$0.06/kWh by 2025.

“We have already seen dramatic cost decreases in solar and wind in recent years and this report shows that prices will continue to drop, thanks to different technology and market drivers,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “Given that solar and wind are already the cheapest source of new generation capacity in many markets around the world, this further cost reduction will broaden that trend and strengthen the compelling business case to switch from fossil fuels to renewables.”

The new study reiterates the well known PV module production cost reductions the industry has achieved since 2009, which have fallen around 80% on growing end-market demand and manufacturing economies of scale. 

The study points to policy makers needing to understand that future cost reductions are expected to be highly dependent on BOS (e.g. inverters, racking and mounting systems, civil works, etc.) rather than PV modules, despite continued cost reductions expected from modules through 2025. 

Indeed, the study acknowledges that module cost reductions could exceed the ‘conventional wisdom of the industry’ that could see module ASPs decline to as low as US$0.28/W by 2025. Current (1Q 2016) ASPs of leading PV module manufacturers are around US$0.57/W. 

“Historically, cost has been cited as one of the primary barriers to switching from fossil-based energy sources to renewable energy sources, but the narrative has now changed,” added Amin. “To continue driving the energy transition, we must now shift policy focus to support areas that will result in even greater cost declines and thus maximise the tremendous economic opportunity at hand.”

With a focus on BOS cost reductions IRENA said that the global weighted-average installed costs of utility-scale PV systems could fall by 57% between 2015 and 2025. Larger cost reductions are possible if deployment accelerates and a more rapid shift to best practice BOS costs occurs. 

The global weighted average installed cost of utility-scale solar PV could fall by around 70%, driven by continued technological improvements, competitive pressures and economies of scale and the convergence of BOS costs towards best practice levels. 

Source: Array Technologies.

Read Next

May 4, 2021
Solar balance of systems (BOS) provider Shoals Technologies has benefited from “robust demand” for its products in the US, as the company completed its first quarter as a public company.
April 6, 2021
The International Renewable Energy Agency’s (IRENA) director-general has hailed the start of a “decade of renewables”, following a 2020 that saw China and the US drive global solar installations.
March 26, 2021
The US Department of Energy (DOE) has earmarked US$128 million to invest in research and development in a bid to bring the cost of utility-scale solar power down by 60% in 10 years.
March 25, 2021
Solar plants in the US produced 21.7% more electricity in January this year than they did in 2020, accounting for 2.4% of the country’s entire electricity mix.
March 23, 2021
Despite green hydrogen’s potential for decarbonising numerous hard to abate sectors, challenges around system integration, government support and project scale must be addressed with urgency.
March 18, 2021
Italy has signed the framework International Solar Alliance (ISA) agreement with India as the coalition’s new director general took office this week.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Solar Media Events
May 11, 2021
Upcoming Webinars
May 26, 2021
Session 1 - 7:00 AM (BST) | Session 2 - 5:00 PM (BST)
Solar Media Events
June 15, 2021
Solar Media Events
July 6, 2021