|Czech Republic||<30kWp = $0.6485 >30kWp = $0.3242 >100 = $0.3107||20 years|
The feed-in tariff system came into force in the Czech Republic back in 2002 but wasn't initially very successful. This lack of interest in the scheme led to a RES Act that was adopted in 2005. This extended the feed-in system by offering the choice between a FiT or a Green Bonus, which is an amount paid on top of the market price.
The FiT system applies to electricity supplied and metered at the delivery point between the generating plant and the respective distribution system operators whereas the Green Bonus applies to electricity supplied and metered at the delivery point between the generating plant and the regional system operators and supplied by the generator to an electricity trader or eligible customer.
Producers will be given the choice to either sell electricity for purchase prices or offer it to trader for the "market-price" and simultaneously get extra green bonuses - paid by the operator of Transmission System.
The "Energy Regulatory Office" determines the FiT and the green bonus each year in advance. The prices may not be lower than 95% of the value of the year before. Prices are set on the following assumptions:
- Return on investment of 15 years
- Prices are differentiated according to the renewable energy source
- Prices are differentiated by the year of commissioning
The Czech Senate has now approved a new law, which will add a 26% tax on solar energy production over the next three years, as well as 32% tax on carbon credits awarded to solar companies in the next two years. The new taxes will apply to all photovoltaic plants that were guaranteed to receive a fixed FiT for a period of 20 years.
The solar production tax on revenue will not apply to solar plants placed on top of buildings with a capacity lower than 30kW. This solar tax will be retroactively applied to all ground-mounted PV built in 2009-2010 in the Czech Republic. Basically, it means a decrease of the purchase prices of solar energy under the FiT that were supposed to be guaranteed to investors for 20 years by the government. The proceeds from the taxes will be used to reduce the increase in household and industrial electricity prices next year.
Update Dec 01, 2012
The European Photovoltaic Association (EPIA) has asked the European Union to take action against member states including Chez Republic, by curtailing support to the renewables industry.
Update Nov 01, 2012
Total installed cumulative PV capacity in the Czech Republic reached 1,999MW at the end of September 2012, according to the latest statistics published by the Czech Energy Regulatory Office (ERU).
Update May 01, 2012
A report published by Reuters has advised that the Constitutional Court has endorsed a Czech tax (over the 26%) on solar power producers as part of the government’s push to cut budget deficits and subdue the solar boom in the country. The ruling means that solar plants which came online in 2009 and 2010 are affected.
Update Mar 01, 2012
The Czech Republic has set a target of 1.63GW by 2020. The RES Act in 2005 meant the Czechs could reach this level ten years ahead of schedule. However, the sudden increase in PV systems, forced the government to put a moratorium in place in 2010. In November that year, parliament passed a 26% tax, effective January 1, 2011 – decreasing the feed-in tariff – on facilities with a capacity of up to 30kWp ground-mounted installations. Roof-top and building integrated systems were exempt.
The subsidy cut was contested by the Czech Association of Unsuccessful Investors into Photovoltaic Plants (SNIFE) – composed of 30 investors – who have filed a four billion Kč ( US$217,374,980) with the Prague Municipal Court. It ruled in favour of international solar investors saying the tax was illegal. The government has appealed and is waiting for the Constitutional Court to reach a verdict.
A new tariff is expected at the beginning of this year.