India changes rules to allow greater access to clean energy via expedited approvals, fewer charges


India’s ministry of renewables energy said the rule changes will enable customers to demand access to clean power. Image: MNRE

India has relaxed its rules surrounding the purchase of renewable power, with commercial and industrial consumers allowed to purchase clean power on a voluntarily basis, while state distribution company (Discom) customers can demand to be supplied with renewable electricity.

Announced on 6 June, the Green Open Access Rules will see users wanting to use clean energy in their businesses and homes have quicker access and pay fewer surcharges.

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The approval process – conducted through a national portal – must be granted within 15 days otherwise automatic approval is provided to consumers, who will also be provided with a green certificate.  

The rules have put a cap on the increasing of cross-subsidy surcharges as well as the removal of additional surcharges, which India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) said would “incentivise consumers to go green but also address the issues that have hindered the growth of open access in India”.

“The tariff for the green energy shall be determined separately by the Appropriate Commission, which shall comprise of the average pooled power purchase cost of the renewable energy, cross-subsidy charges if any, and service charges covering the prudent cost of the distribution licensee for providing the green energy to the consumers,” the MNRE said in a press release.

The MNRE has also reduced the threshold for transactions from 1MW to 100kW, allowing smaller customers to benefit.

India has made a number of law changes recently to encourage the switch to renewable power and establish solid foundations for its energy transition, including ordering Discoms to honour the power purchase agreements (PPA) they signed with electricity producers and settle any debts within six weeks.

That said, the country’s solar sector is in a difficult place at the moment with module price inflation, manufacturing incentives and geopolitical events causing disruption to the industry, pushing up average tariffs and lowering returns on solar investments.

Additionally, India is set to fall well short of its 2022 solar target of 100GW of installed solar capacity due to the slow uptake of rooftop solar, according to a report by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) and JMK Research.

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