The Rwandan government wants to turn Rwanda into a knowledge-based, middle-income country by 2020 by improving access to affordable modern energy services. Rwanda aims to increase small-scale renewable energy generation, and expand its grid and off-grid programmes to meet existing and future demand as well as bring social, environmental and economic benefits.
Although tax breaks are available on solar PV installations the country’s feed-in tariff is only applicable to hydro power systems. However, Rwanda’s heavy reliance on hydro power led to severe load shedding during the 2004-06 regional drought forcing the government to drive rural electrification through solar. Only 0.25MW of solar PV is has been installed so far although stakeholders have been calling for the inclusion of more technologies in its FiT programme to provide additional incentives for local developers.