Vietnam’s draft solar PPA template leaves key issues ‘unresolved’

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Baker McKenzie partners said draft solar PPA neglects issues that would be key for investors. Flickr: Intel Free Press

The Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam (MOIT) has released a draft circular containing guidelines on how to develop solar PV in the country, but failed to address a range of issues that could impact large-scale project bankability, according to analysis from multinational law firm Baker McKenzie.

In mid-April, MOIT finally announced its feed-in tariff (FiT) scheme for utility-scale solar projects along with a net metering scheme for rooftop PV systems, but it has now also released a draft power purchase agreement (PPA) template for solar.

Baker McKenzie partners Fred Burke and Chi Lieu Dang noted that MOIT has proposed this Draft PPA as a ‘non-negotiable’ template for all grid-connected solar PPAs, despite leaving certain key issues “unresolved”.

As previously announced, the FiT for utility-scale solar PV of VND2.086/kWh (US$0.0935) would be subject to fluctuations in the VND/USD exchange rate.

The partners said: “Though the price is converted in USD based on a current exchange rate, the Draft PPA does not include any indexation of the FiT by way of escalation in accordance with the Consumer Price Index (CPI) or the exchange rate, or any other provision to address inflation risks.”

They noted that under the draft PPA, the monopoly utility Vietnam Electricity Corporation (EVN), which will be the sole off-taker of solar generation, will have the right to curtail solar power in a range of circumstances beyond the reasonable control of the seller, without any compensation or payments to the project developer. Moreover, if the developer has the whole plant or a section of the plant ready for injecting power to the grid, EVN still has no obligation to make payments if th utility has not built the grid connections on time.

The Baker McKenzie partners also cited limited protection of the project developer’s outstanding debts if the PPA was terminated as a result of EVN defaulting.

Meanwhile, in terms of dispute resolution, the partners noted that the draft PPA fails to provide for offshore (international) arbitration, which they claimed is an essential part any of large-scale PPA. Instead the draft only lists a range of domestic actions on disputes, with the possibility of bringing them to Vietnamese courts for litigation.

They also listed the absence of various support policies that most investors would expect to be included, such as: no government guarantee or support to enhance the creditworthiness of EVN; no provision addressing the risk of changes in law or tax after the PPA signing; nor provision for payment protection in the case of unexpected events such as war or natural disasters.

The Draft PPA even puts liabilities on the developer for grid connection costs and associated risks, without accounting for the balance of cheaper land costs, versus higher costs of transmission in more remote areas.

The partners concluded: “Obviously a more pragmatic and flexible approach will be needed for the Draft PPA to accomplish its objective of mobilizing investment into clean solar power.”

The MOIT release also contains guidelines listing various requirements for solar projects.

EVN plans 350MW of PV plants

In related news, EVN announced on its website that its subsidiary Power Generation Corp 3 (Genco 3) is looking to develop two solar plants in the Phuoc Minh Thuan Nam district, Ninh Thuan province, with a combined capacity of 350MW over 554 hectares of land.

The projects would require 9.57 trillion (US$421 million) investment and would be implemented from Q2 2018 to Q1 2021. It has been known for some time the power giant has been considering various PV project developments, but it has rarely provided significant detail.

Read Next

May 10, 2021
Tutly Solar, French energy giant Total Eren’s subsidiary in Uzbekistan, has been awarded an €87.4 million US$106.32 million) loan package to develop a utility-scale solar PV system in the country.
PV Tech Premium
May 3, 2021
Companies are purchasing solar, wind, and other forms of renewable energy more than ever before. The power purchase agreement (PPA) market in Europe has grown to a cumulative capacity of over 12GW, with a record 4GW signed in 2020. Corporate climate commitments are opening doors for investment in renewable energy, and continued price declines are convincing companies to sign new contracts. Is the European market ready to fulfil its potential? By Dr. Mercè Labordena, senior policy advisor at SolarPower Europe, and Milena Koot, communications advisor at SolarPower Europe
PV Tech Premium
April 30, 2021
‘Solar Module Super League’ (SMSL) member First Solar has hit a nameplate Series 6 CdTe thin film manufacturing capacity of 7.9GW in the first quarter of 2021, after ramping its second and last converted factory in Malaysia.
April 22, 2021
A round-up of the latest news from the US solar sector, including distributed solar specialist SunPower's return to large-scale power systems, panel maker Maxeon's share offering, and developer National Grid Renewables' PPA with Hershey, Home Depot and NRG.
April 21, 2021
Ingka Group, a retailer that runs the majority of IKEA stores, has allocated an additional €4 billion (US$4.8 billion) to invest in solar and wind plants.
April 14, 2021
While recent solar auctions in Spain and Portugal have made headlines with low prices and high levels of participation, the power purchase agreement market will be key to helping both countries reach their 2030 solar deployment targets, it was suggested during a panel discussion.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Upcoming Events

Upcoming Webinars
May 26, 2021
Session 1 - 7:00 AM (BST) | Session 2 - 5:00 PM (BST)
Solar Media Events
June 15, 2021
Solar Media Events
July 6, 2021
Solar Media Events
August 24, 2021